Category Archives: Afghan Women

Contemporary issues affecting Afghan women and their noble struggle for equal rights and standing in their culture.

Artsy Story about War Rugs, Boetti, and Leah Dixon

Vanessa Thill wrote an an interesting piece about war rugs for Artsy. which reaffirms Alighiero Boetti’s influence on world map rugs.

Alighiero Boetti, Mappa, 1983-1984
Tornabuoni Art

Despite decades of war, ancient pattern techniques that can take months or years to complete are still passed from mother to daughter. Testimony from the makers of these carpets is difficult to obtain, as many of these works remain unattributed, and the female weavers lack easy access to modes of international communication. But the largest online archive of Afghan war rugs, maintained by New York–based artist Kevin Sudeith, offers information and an online store. Still, the weavers’ authorship is often lost when these works go to market, yet their masterful compositions reveal a dark humor and complex commentary on contemporary life.

In the carpets’ compositions, perspectival viewpoints merge and flatten to integrate three-dimensional forms with maps and repeating decorative patterns. Some of the rug designs are based on Charbagh, a quadrilateral layout inspired by the four gardens of Paradise described in the Qur’an. Another genre of rugs depicts national maps of Afghanistan, which may have been influenced by Alighiero Boetti’s map series.The Italian Conceptual artist traveled to Afghanistan and Pakistan in the 1980s and worked with female weavers, first in Kabul and later in Peshawar, to create brightly colored tapestries depicting world maps with national flags labeled with bold text. In keeping with his interest in chance, Boetti sometimes left the color choices up to the women.
Because many artists shy away from this touchy subject matter, Dixon found unlikely peers in the anonymous rug weavers. The horrors of violence and the destruction of everyday life manifests in these carpets with an absurd levity. Dixon first created her own version in 2010—not woven but cut from colorful yoga mats. She described the work as an homage to the carpet weavers—and a jab at the United States’s commercialized relationship to war.

Leah Dixon, Don’t See a Need for Middlemen I, 2017–19.

Afghan War Rug Exhibition at Temple University

War rug art is fascinatingly educational friends! Temple University’s Samuel L. Paley Library, in room 309, is currently holding a Afghan war rug exhibition that contains 14 of my Afghan war rugs. These rugs tell stories and contain history which, ” helps contextualize a group of people that many Americans know very little about.” Theirs so much to be learned and talked about. Go check it out!

Video on vimeo (embed removed to stop unwelcome third party javascript from running on Warrug)

This show has curated by Alicia Cunningham-Bryant and student assistant curators, Ilana Napoli, and Rachel Morin.

Rugs shown are documented here

Where Are the Red Rugs?

I received an excellent question from our contact form recently about the lack of Red Rugs available for purchase on lately. Below is was my response:

Your question about Red Rugs is a good one. Red Rugs were woven by refugees, primarily Turkmen, in Pakistan during the 1990’s. Since the US forced the Taliban from power in 2001 Turkmen refugees have been returning en masse to their traditional homes in Afghanistan, largely because ISAF offers them sufficient protection from the Taliban ethnic cleansing which drove many families to Pakistan during the 1990’s.

The effects of the Turkmen weavers returning to their homes in Afghanistan is, primarily, two fold. First, as refugees, if one was an engineer, one wove carpets. If one was a doctor, one wove carpets. Now the doctors and engineers are returning to their professions, so there are less weavers available to weave any type of rug. Secondly, many Turkmen weavers who wove Red Rugs in Pakistan are now weaving traditional designs or new variations of traditional designs (Khul Mohammadi mostly).

Much of the Pakistan production has moved to Afghanistan (Khul Mohammadi, Kazak, Vegetable Dye ‘Peshawar’) with the returning weavers, but not Red Rugs. I have not seen any Red Rugs produced in Afghanistan since 2001. In short, there is no more supply of Red Rugs. Occasionally I find a few Red Rugs and I post them, but they are scarce.

Lastly, this elimination of a design is not unique to Red Rugs, yet it continues to surprise me. Almost every war rug “pattern” has its moment of production, which then fades or stops. What is freely available one year, is totally unavailable the next year. Soviet Exodus rugs are one example and WTC rugs to a lesser degree.

Again, thank you for your question. Please write back if you have any further questions or comments.

Blind City Tech Student from Afghanistan Enters NYC Marathon

Remember NYC marathoner Nooria?

Brooklyn, NY — October 10, 2006 — It won’t be hard to spot 45-year-old Nooria Nodrat among the 37,000 or so runners participating in the New York City Marathon on November 5. She’ll be the one in an Achilles Track Club tee-shirt accompanied by a coterie of six runners, one of whom will be tethered to her with a dish towel. One of 20 totally blind participants seeking to complete the grueling 26.2-mile course, Nodrat, a student at New York City College of Technology/CUNY (City Tech) majoring in human services, has been there before; will try another marathon. Her support team of volunteers from the Achilles Track Club will help her avoid collisions, stay upright throughout the course and find toilets and water.

Her achievement is all the more remarkable given a daunting array of difficulties and tragedies that lay in her path. Born in Kabul in 1961, long before the Taliban took over Afghanistan, Nodrat remembers the country as an old world poised for change, a world where women had to accept a subservient role. At 16, she entered an arranged marriage with a man 21 years her senior. They had two children, a son and a daughter. Both her oldest brother, Zia, whom she idolized, and her husband were blind. To be of assistance to them, she learned Braille, unaware of how necessary that skill would become later in her life. She worked as an editor with in the Publishing Services Department at the Institute for the Blind in Afghanistan, proofreading large print books and checking Braille texts.

In 1988, her brother was kidnapped by fanatics and never heard from again. A few years later, her husband of ten years was killed by a terrorist bomb. Soon after Nodrat came with her parents to the United States, leaving her children with her husband’s brother, who then refused to send them after her. Finally, in 1996, after five agonizing years, she was reunited with her children in New York. “Women in my country have to be patient. Very, very patient,” she says.

In 1997, tragedy struck again. Nodrat was attacked in the subway by a mentally disturbed teenager who threw her to the floor and repeatedly punched her in the head, destroying her retinas, which were already weak from glaucoma. Following the attack, she lost her sight completely. Despite five surgeries, the doctors could not restore her sight and in 2003, after she developed an infection, she chose to have her eyes removed because of the pain.

Through it all, Nodrat persevered. She will receive her associate degree at the end of this semester and will go on for a bachelor’s degree in human services at City Tech. She then plans to earn her masters and doctoral degrees from Hunter College to prepare for a career as a clinical psychologist. Her children, now 25 and 22 years old, have done well academically and have made Nodrat proud.

“I’ll be walking the marathon course this time,” she says, “because my schedule is too
busy to make time for running training.” Not only is Nodrat a full-time college student,
she has mentored other students and has worked as a volunteer at the Catholic Guild for
the Blind and the Jewish Guild for the Blind, offering English as a Second Language
training to blind students.

As President of the National Federation for the Blind’s Student Association, she helps
blind high school and college students apply for scholarships and other assistance.
According to Carl Jacobsen, the President of the National Federation of the Blind New
York State Chapter, “The National Federation of the Blind is the oldest and largest organization of blind people in our country. Founded in 1940, the Federation has, over its
history, been empowering blind people to achieve their goals in life. To that
end, blind students within our organization formed the National Association of Blind Students in 1967. For almost 40 years, the NFBSA has been a vehicle by which blind students could share their experiences and gain from the collective knowledge of the Federation. Through conventions, meetings, seminars, mentoring and individual contacts, the NFBSA has assisted blind students through their academic careers.
As Ms. Nodrat Stated, The National Federation of the Blind Student’s Divisions’ mission is to help blind students understand their rights and help them achieve their goals in educational, social and political endeavors. I’ve contacted 15 colleges and am working with the heads of their disability offices to develop lobbying strategies so that we can pursue programs to help disabled students,” she explains. “One person alone can’t achieve very much. But many voices together can make a difference. I’m hoping that I’ll have sufficient powers and energies to keep me strong in my duty so I can be a good example for other blind individuals and represent my constituents and all members of the National Federation for the Blind.”

In addition, she is trying to create a foundation to help blind women and children in Afghanistan. “My job is to raise my voice,” she says. “I hope to encourage sighted people to join the struggle — to support organizations that help women and the disabled.”
She is also an active member of the Women’s Association of New York. A resident of Long Island City, she was a volunteer in the Department of Music Therapy at the Queens Center for Progress. In her “spare time,” she does karate (as an advanced yellow belt), yoga, ceramics, and Music and Writing short stories.

Nodrat has received awards and scholarships in recognition of her activism and academic achievements from the National Federation of the Blind, the American Council of the Blind and the New York City Chapter of the National Federation of the Blind, among others. In 2006, she received a Benjamin H. Namm Scholarship from City Tech. Despite a jam-packed schedule, she has maintained a 3.7 (out of 4.0) grade point average in her studies. “I think I’ve chosen the right field,” she says about her decision to become a clinical psychologist. “A person who has known hardship, as I have, is in a good position to help others who are struggling to make sense of their lives.”

Nodrat’s guide dog, Yahoo, a black Labrador named after the Internet company that sponsored his training, changed Nodrat’s life, she says. ” Yahoo is my ultimate eyes and I am very fortunate to have him in my life. For the past four years, Yahoo has allowed me to move through the world with more confidence. He was trained by Guiding Eyes for the Blind, a wonderful dog’s training school.”

She expresses deep gratitude to other organizations that have helped along the way, including, the Commission for the Blind, The Lighthouse International Center for the Blind, the Catholic Guild for the Blind, The Jewish Guild for the Blind, Recording for the Blind,The Hadley School for the Blind,The Vision Self Manner, Daniel’s Music Foundation and the Achilles Track Club (which helps athletes with disabilities compete in sports activities). Finally, The students supports office in City Tech, which supports more than 30 students with varying degrees of visual disabilities, The Human Service Department in City Tech, The Goodwill Industries Department of Rehabilitation and Evaluation Services and Citiview Connections for her Internship Trainings. Last, but not least, to all organizations for their unwavering support of her education.

As the marathon approaches, Nodrat is looking forward to the challenge. “Last year, I finished in seven hours and 15 minutes. This year, if I can make it in six and a half hours, I’ll consider it a great victory. I want to say to the world, if Afghan women have the chance, they can do great things. If I can be an example for them, it would be an honor for me.”

The largest public college of technology in New York State, New York City College of Technology of the New York City University enrolls more than 12,000 students in 57 baccalaureates, associate and specialized certificate programs. Located at 300 Jay Street in Downtown Brooklyn, City Tech is at the MetroTech Center academic and commercial complex, convenient to public transportation.

Afghan Women With Pluck Tackle Bird Flu

KABUL, Afghanistan — Raising chickens has always been women’s work in Afghanistan, and in the past several years this backyard occupation has brought new independence and income to thousands of illiterate war widows who have few other ways to earn a living.

So when avian flu was detected here six months ago, and several cases of its virulent H5N1 strain confirmed by U.N. experts in March, ripples of rumor and panic coursed through the loosely organized groups of widows in greater Kabul who raise some of Afghanistan’s estimated 12.1 million chickens and sell their eggs for 2 cents apiece.

Link By Pamela Constable, for Washington Post

Behind the Purdah

Joanne Warfield’s photographs of Afghanistan are beautiful, and this group is important.

I asked permission to take photographs, which was kindly granted to me. I knew at the time that this was a unique and special honor.
so this incredible opportunity to photograph the tailor’s family was a very special one indeed. And, little did I know at the time what a rare event it really was.

Thanks John

Women’s Leadership in Afghanistan’s Reconstruction

Yesterday I attended a lunch at the Asia Society which featured Afghanistan’s Minister for Women’s Affairs, Masouda Jalal, as the keynote speaker. After Ms. Jalal’s very interesting lecture there was a panel discussion featuring PARWAZ Microfinance Institution Managing Director Katrin Fakiri and Arzu Rugs’ Founder, President, and Chairman (as well as “chief bottle washer”) Connie K. Duckworth. The panel discussion was moderated by Marieke Wierda, Senior Associate of the Internation Center for Transitional Justice.